Monday, November 10, 2008


for the Shenvis in Goa. Since most of them took up Administrative jobs they
were called Shanbhags (clerks) which later became Shenoy.


Pai in
Konkani language
means foot or leg.. The common person who had not
amassed wealth or power was known as Pai.Their job was menial in maintaining
ledgers and doing odd jobs.
The Pai who was mainly ledger keepers.


in agriculture were called Kamathi. Mathi means soil and Kama is work, that is
working in soil ( Kama + Mathi).. Later this became Kamath.


Those who cultivated
herbs were Kinvis, presently called Kini or Keni.


Thos who prepared
the concoction was prepared and dispensed it


The animals required for
tilling, transportation and other works were under Haya- Gade (actually Horse
tenderer), modernized to Hegde.

Nayak, Rao

Those worked as Army
commandants were called Nayaks. Some Nayaks who were honoured by the King with
titles like Ravubahadur adopted Rao as their Surname


The daily requirements
of every family for survival, presentations, etc were the responsibility of the
Ballo. There is another theory that the foot soldier with a spear was called
Ballo. The soldier Ballo (Baliga) was under the command of Nayak.

Prabhu, Mallya

lords called themselves Prabhu. He lived in a palatial home called mahal, and
the caretaker was known as Mahalyar, presently modernized to Mallya.

Acharya, Bhat and Vadhyar

The poojas in the big
temple and its rituals were under Acharya, and in small temples conducted by
Bhat. Every family had exclusive priest to perform the rites, and he was the
family Purohit and was called Vadhyar.


temples were administered by Mahajans


Stores and godown
keepers were called Bhandari or Bhandarkar.

Nadkarni, Kulkarni

person maintaining statistics was called Karni. Land was called Nadu, and the
person maintaining land records
was known as Nadkarni, and Kulkarni maintained census, and social register.


Doing odd jobs in temples and poojas

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